Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Single cell rna sequencing identifies an early monocyte gene signature in acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Abstract

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results from overwhelming pulmonary inflammation. Prior bulk RNA sequencing provided limited insights into ARDS pathogenesis. We used single cell RNA sequencing to probe ARDS at a higher resolution. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with pneumonia and sepsis with early ARDS were compared to that of sepsis patients who did not develop ARDS. Monocyte clusters from ARDS patients revealed multiple distinguishing characteristics in comparison to monocytes from patients without ARDS including down-regulation of SOCS3 expression accompanied by a pro-inflammatory signature with up-regulation of multiple type I IFN-induced genes, especially in CD16+ cells. To generate an ARDS risk score, we identified up-regulation of 29 genes in the monocytes of these patients, and 17 showed a similar profile in cells of patients in independent cohorts. Monocytes had increased expression of RAB11A, known to inhibit neutrophil efferocytosis, ATP2B1, a calcium pump that exports Ca2+ implicated in endothelial barrier disruption, and SPARC, associated with processing of pro-collagen to collagen. These data show that monocytes of ARDS patients up-regulate expression of genes not just restricted to those associated with inflammation. Together, our findings identify molecules that are likely involved in ARDS pathogenesis that may inform biomarker and therapeutic development.

Authors: Jiang Y, Rosborough BR, Chen J, Das S, Kitsios GD, McVerry BJ, Mallampalli RK, Lee JS, Ray A, Chen W, Ray P,
Journal: JCI Insight; 2020 Jun 18 . doi:10.1172/jci.insight.135678
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32554932 (Go to PubMed)