Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Subgroups of monocytes predict cardiovascular events in patients with coronary heart disease.The PHAMOS trial (Prospective Halle Monocytes Study).

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Monocytes can be differentiated by the presence of CD14 and CD16 (CD14++CD16-, classical; CD14++CD16+, intermediate and CD14+CD16++, non-classical monocytes). Recent studies have reported conflicting results regarding an association between subtypes of monocytes as defined by the expression of these two surface markers in atherosclerosis. METHODS: We investigated subtypes of monocytes in n=994 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD). We compared total numbers of monocyte subgroups stratified by tertiles with the occurrence of the pre-defined combined endpoint (non-fatal myocardial infarction, cardiovascular death and non-haemorrhagic cerebral insult). Patients were followed up for a minimum of 52 weeks. For multivariate analysis, classical risk factors of coronary heart disease were included. RESULTS: The primary endpoint occurred 134 times at a median time of 34.5 weeks (IR 10.6/59.6). Intermediate (p=0.813), non-classical (p=0.725) and the number of total monocytes (p=0.626) stratified by tertiles showed no significant association with the combined endpoint. However, a higher absolute number of classical monocytes divided in tertiles was associated with incidence of the combined endpoint {T1=8.9% vs. T2=14.2% vs. T3=16.0% (p=0.021)}. In comparison of the third to the first tertile of Mo1 population multivariate analysis showed a hazard ratio of 1.646 (CI: 1.005-2.699, p=0.048). CONCLUSIONS: The absolute counts of classical monocytes divided in tertiles are predictive for major adverse cardiac events in patients with CAD. A tremendous shift from classical to intermediate monocytes was also confirmed in CAD patients. These data highlight the importance of CD14++ monocytes in cardiovascular diseases.

Authors: Hopfner F, Jacob M, Ulrich C, Russ M, Simm A, Silber RE, Girndt M, Noutsias M, Werdan K, Schlitt A
Journal: Hellenic J Cardiol. 2019 Sep - Oct;60(5):311-321. doi: 10.1016/j.hjc.2019.04.012.
Year: 2019
PubMed: PMID: 31055050 (Go to PubMed)