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Enhanced Myeloid Leukocytes in Obese Children and Adolescents at Risk for Metabolic Impairment.

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to examine if myeloid leukocyte profiles are associated with metabolic impairment in children and adolescents with obesity, and if sex, age, or race influence this relationship. Methods: 282 children ages 8-17 were evaluated. Predictor measures were absolute neutrophil counts (ANC), absolute monocyte count, monocyte subtypes and C reactive protein (CRP). Outcome variables were waist circumference, fasting glucose and insulin, HOMA-IR, HbA1c (%) and lipid profiles. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to determine associations between predictor and outcome variables. Wilcoxon two-sample tests were used to evaluate differences by sex. Results: CRP (p < 0.0001), ANC (p < 0.0018), and classical monocytes (p = 0.05) were significantly higher in children with obesity. CRP, ANC and classical monocytes showed positive correlations with waist circumference, insulin, HOMA-IR and triglycerides. CRP was positively associated with ANC overall (p = 0.05). ANC demonstrated positive correlation with monocytes (p < 0.001). The associations between predictor and outcome variables were influenced by sex, race, and age. Conclusions: CRP and myeloid leukocyte populations, specifically classical monocytes and neutrophils associate with both body composition and metabolic parameters in children with obesity suggesting that these cells may play a critical role in metabolic impairment. Race, gender and age interactions between monocytes and metabolic parameters were significant.

Authors: Gállego-Suárez C, Bulan A, Hirschfeld E, Wachowiak P, Abrishami S, Griffin C, Sturza J, Tzau A, Hayes T, Woolford SJ, Lumeng CN, Lee JM, Singer K,
Journal: Front Endocrinol (Lausanne); 2020 ; 11 327. doi:10.3389/fendo.2020.00327
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 32528415 (Go to PubMed)