Simultaneous Coinfection of Macaques with Zika and Dengue Viruses Does not Enhance Acute Plasma Viremia but Leads to Activation of Monocyte Subsets and Biphasic Release of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines.
The consequences of simultaneous infection with Zika (ZIKV) and Dengue (DENV) viruses are poorly understood. Here we show that rhesus macaques experimentally coinfected simultaneously with ZIKV and DENV-2 demonstrated ZIKV or DENV replication without an enhancement of either infection. Coinfection was accompanied by an increase in the proportions of CD14+CD16+ pro-inflammatory subsets of monocytes and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the plasma. Numerous cytokines such as I-TAC, Eotaxin, RANTES, MCP-1, IFNgamma and MIG demonstrated a biphasic peak that coincided with the differences in kinetics of ZIKV and DENV replication suggesting that viral replication likely differentially modulated the release of these cytokines. Red blood cell indices significantly declined during acute infection suggesting transient anemia, and was accompanied by elevated levels of muscle, liver and renal injury markers. These findings have implications for understanding the pathogenesis of coinfection in ZIKV and DENV endemic regions, and is the 1st report of an experimental coinfection using the rhesus macaque model for ZIKV and DENV infections.
|Authors:||Valiant WG, Mattapallil MJ, Higgs S, Huang YS, Vanlandingham DL, Lewis MG, Mattapallil JJ|
|Journal:||Sci Rep. 2019 May 27;9(1):7877. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44323-y.|
|PubMed:||PMID: 31133721 (Go to PubMed)|