Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Monocyte Subsets Are Differently Associated with Infarct Size, Left Ventricular Function, and the Formation of a Potentially Arrhythmogenic Scar in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Abstract

To investigate the role of classical (CLM, CD14++CD16-), intermediate (INTM, CD14++CD16+), and non-classical (Non-CLM, CD14+CD16++) monocytes in scar formation after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), evaluated with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). One hundred two patients with a first STEMI had serial blood analyses after 1, 3, and 7 days. A CMR was performed at 7 days and 6 months, depicting scar core (CO), border zone (BZ), and the presence of BZ channels. CLM and INTM levels progressively decreased, correlated with the scar mass, CO, and BZ at 7 days and 6 months (p < 0.05), and inversely with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, p < 0.01). Non-CLM levels gradually increased, correlated with BZ mass and the presence of BZ channels at 7 days and 6 months (p < 0.001).CLM and INTM are associated with infarct size and inversely with LVEF, whereas Non-CLM are associated with BZ mass and the presence of potentially arrhythmogenic substrate.

Authors: Bosch X, Jáuregui B, Villamor N, Morales-Ruiz M, Ortiz-Pérez JT, Borràs R, Penela D, Soto-Iglesias D, Perea RJ, Doltra A, Prat-González S, Jiménez W, Mira Á, Lasalvia L, Berruezo A,
Journal: J Cardiovasc Transl Res; 2019 Dec 12 . doi:10.1007/s12265-019-09944-8
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 31833003 (Go to PubMed)