Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Differential regulations of M-CSF and IL-6 gene expression in monocytic cells


Using the human monocytic cell line Mono Mac 6 we studied the involvement of Ca2+, protein kinase A (PKA), and protein kinase C (PKC) dependent pathways in the regulation of M-CSF and IL-6 gene expression. The results demonstrate that on activation with the calcium ionophore A23187 both M-CSF and IL-6 mRNA are induced after 3 and 6 h respectively. Co-stimulation with A23187 plus PMA resulted in an up-regulation of M-CSF mRNA and a down-regulation of IL-6 mRNA. Conversely co-stimulation with A23187 plus DBcAMP resulted in a down-regulation of M-CSF mRNA and an up-regulation of IL-6 mRNA. Nuclear run-on and mRNA half-life studies showed that the effects on the M-CSF expression were related to changes at transcriptional and post-transcriptional level. In contrast, the effects on the IL-6 gene expression seems to be mediated at post-transcriptional level. With regard to the secretion of the IL-6 protein it was shown that it closely follows the accumulation of IL-6 mRNA. Taken together, the data show that several intracellular signalling pathways control strictly the cytokine expression in monocytic cells which gives the cells the opportunity to respond variably to external activation signals.

Authors: de Wit, H., Esselink, M.T., Halie, M.R., Vellenga, E.
Journal: Br. J. Haematol., 86: 259-264
Year: 1994
PubMed: Find in PubMed