Zhu H, Ding Y, Zhang Y, Ding X, Zhao J, Ouyang W, Gong J, Zou Y, Liu X, Wu W.
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) evokes a temporally coordinated immune response, in which monocytes are critically involved in the clearance of cell debris; however, excessive inflammation induced by the classical sub-population of monocytes frequently limits the endogenous reparative process. In the present study, the potential of the anti-inflammatory adipokine complement C1q tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related protein-3 (CTRP3) to induce intermediate switch of monocytes to an anti-inflammatory phenotype was explored. Circulating monocytes were isolated from patients with AMI at various time-points (3-5 h, 3 days and 7 days) and categorized by flow cytometry/immunostaining into three sub-divisions based on the expression of CD14 and CD16 epitopes: Classical (CD14++/CD16-), non-classical (CD14+/CD16++) and intermediate populations (CD14++/CD16+). The phagocytic activity was evaluated by the ingestion of FITC-Zymosan and 19F-nanoemulsion and the migratory activity using Thin Cert™ Transwell assay. Monocytes were cultured using autologous serum in the presence of CTRP3 (1 µg/ml) for 24 h and the expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and TNF-α was quantified by reverse-transcription quantitative PCR. In addition, SB203580, a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK inhibitor, was used to examine the downstream pathways of CTRP3. AMI evoked a transient increase in monocyte counts of the classical subset after onset of the ischemic insult, while the non-classical and intermediate subsets persistently expanded (P<0.01). The monocytes from patients at 3 days after AMI displayed enhanced phagocytic and migratory activities in comparison with those from healthy volunteers (P<0.01). Of note, addition of CTRP3 induced an intermediate switch of monocyte subsets and antagonized the enhanced expression of cytokines, particularly IL-6, in monocytes stressed by lipopolysaccharides, likely by blunting the ERK1/2 and P38 MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated a dynamic fluctuation of monocyte subsets and enhanced phagocytic and migratory activities in patients with AMI. Furthermore, the proof-of-concept evidence pinpoints CTRP3 as an alternative candidate to modulate the uncontrolled inflammatory response and thus to augment cardiac reparative processes in patients with AMI.
|Authors:||CTRP3 induces an intermediate switch of CD14++CD16+ monocyte subset with anti-inflammatory phenotype.|
|Journal:||EXPERIMENTAL AND THERAPEUTIC MEDICINE 19: 2243-2251, 2020|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|