Functional analysis of granulocyte and monocyte subpopulations in neonates.
BACKGROUND: Neonate immune cell functions lack full protection against pathogens. This could be either defect or protective mechanism against overshooting proinflammatory immune responses. We here analysed the function of classical, pro- and anti-inflammatory monocytes and granulocytes from neonates in comparison with adults to investigate if suppressed functions of subpopulations are causative for the unique neonatal immune status. Therefore, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and surface activation markers were quantified in subpopulations. METHODS: In a prospective, longitudinal study granulocyte and monocyte subpopulations were analysed in healthy term infants (> 37 week; n = 13) in comparison with healthy young adults (n = 11). Percentage (%) of cells expressing surface marker (HLA-DR, CD11b, CD62L, CD32, Toll-Like-Receptor-2) and expression per cell, determined by mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), were measured by flow cytometry. ROS production was induced by fMLP, PMA and E. coli in term neonates (> 37 week; n = 13). RESULTS: Classical granulocytes were down- and proinflammatory granulocytes upregulated in neonates compared with adults. Percentage of TLR-2 expressing granulocytes was increased in neonates. Granulocytic ROS production depended on stimulation. The percentage of anti-inflammatory monocytes was increased, while classical monocytes were reduced in neonates. HLA-DR (%, MFI) showed reduction for all monocyte subpopulations, while CD32, CD11b, CD62L and TLR-2 were differently regulated in comparison with adults. CONCLUSIONS: Differentially regulated granulocyte and monocyte subpopulations indicate a unique state of neonatal immunity to fight infections and prevent dysregulation. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of reduced granulocytic ROS formation and reduced monocytic HLA-DR in active disease.
|Authors:||Hegge I, Niepel F, Lange A, Vogelgesang A, Heckmann M, Ruhnau J.|
|Journal:||Mol Cell Pediatr. 2019 Nov 28;6(1):5|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|