Interleukin-10 is upregulatedin LPS tolerance
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation of the human monocytic cell line Mono Mac 6 leads to rapid expression of both the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10). Preculture of these cells with a low dose of LPS for 2 days rendered the cells tolerant to subsequent stimulation, in that TNF gene expression is only minimal, both at the mRNA and at the protein level. IL-10 shows a reciprocal pattern, however, as expression of this gene is upregulated in precultured cells, and it will further increase upon subsequent stimulation. Although TNF has been shown to induce IL-10, and IL-10 was found to downregulate TNF, this reciprocal regulation does not explain the pattern observed in LPS tolerance in Mono Mac 6, since neutralizing antibodies against TNF and IL-10 could not prevent upregulation of IL-10 and downregulation of TNF, respectively. Treatment of Mono Mac 6 cells during LPS preculture with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) could, however, reverse tolerance: LPS/IFN-gamma precultured cells produced high levels of TNF transcripts upon subsequent stimulation, while the response of the IL-10 gene was attenuated. The data show that LPS tolerance does not involve a passive downregulation of all types of monocyte functions, but it is an orchestrated response with downregulation of pro- and upregulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines.
|Authors:||Frankenberger, M., Pechumer, H., Ziegler-Heitbrock, H.W.L.|
|Journal:||J. Inflammation, 45: 56-63|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|