Monocyte Recruitment after High-Intensity and High-Volume Resistance Exercise.
The innate immune response is generally considered to have an important role in tissue remodeling after resistance exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare changes in markers of monocyte recruitment after an acute bout of high-intensity (HVY) versus high-volume (VOL) lower-body resistance exercise. METHODS: Ten resistance-trained men (24.7 ± 3.4 yr, 90.1 ± 11.3 kg, 176.0 ± 4.9 cm) performed each protocol in a randomized, counterbalanced order. Blood samples were collected at baseline, immediately (IP), 30 min (30P), 1 h (1H), 2 h (2H), and 5 h (5H) postexercise. Plasma concentrations of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), myoglobin, and cortisol were measured via assay. Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFr1), macrophage-1 antigen (cluster of differentiation 11b [CD11b]), and C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) expression levels were measured using flow cytometry. TNFr1 and CD11b were assessed on CD14CD16 monocytes, whereas CCR2 was assessed on CD14 monocytes. RESULTS: Plasma myoglobin concentrations were significantly greater after HVY compared with VOL (P < 0.001). Changes in plasma TNF-α, MCP-1, and expression levels of CCR2 and CD11b were similar between HVY and VOL. When collapsed across groups, TNF-α was significantly increased at IP, 30P, 1H, and 2H (P values < 0.05), whereas MCP-1 was significantly elevated at all postexercise time points (P values < 0.05). CCR2 expression on CD14 monocytes was significantly lower at IP, 1H, 2H, and 5H (P values < 0.05). CD11b expression on CD14 CD16 was significantly greater at IP (P < 0.014) and 1H (P = 0.009). TNFr1 expression did not differ from baseline at any time point. Plasma cortisol concentrations did not seem to be related to receptor expression. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that both HVY and VOL protocols stimulate a robust proinflammatory response. However, no differences were noted between resistance exercise training paradigms.
|Authors:||Gonzalez AM, Hoffman JR, Townsend JR, Jajtner AR, Boone CH, Beyer KS, Baker KM, Wells AJ, Mangine GT, Robinson EH 4th, Church DD, Oliveira LP, Fukuda DH, Stout JR.|
|Journal:||Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Sep;116(9):1663-70.|
|PubMed:||Find in PubMed|