Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced in-vitro desensitization by interferon y


Exposure of Mono-Mac-6 cells to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can induce rapid and transient expression of cytokines like tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 1 and interleukin 6. Preculture of Mono-Mac-6 cells in culture medium containing small amounts (1-50 ng/ml) of LPS for 3 days leads to an unresponsiveness to a subsequent stimulation with a high amount of LPS. This in vitro desensitization of a monocytic cell line may serve as a model for desensitization to LPS seen in vivo, for example in mice or man repetitively treated with LPS. Addition of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) to the Mono-Mac-6 cells during the LPS preculture period leads to an inhibition of desensitization, whereas addition of IFN-alpha or IFN-beta is not able to inhibit the LPS-induced desensitization. The inhibition of desensitization by IFN-gamma was dose dependent and time dependent. Preculture of Mono-Mac-6 cells with LPS leads to a strong reduction of TNF mRNA. This reduction of specific mRNA is also overcome by addition of IFN-gamma, but not by IFN-alpha and IFN-beta, indicating that pretranslational mechanisms are responsible for the regulation of TNF in desensitization.

Authors: Haas, J.G., Meyer, N., Ziegler-Heitbrock, H.W.L.
Journal: Eur. J. Immunol., 20:1181-1184
Year: 1990
PubMed: Find in PubMed