Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Alterations of TRIM21-mRNA expression during monocyte maturation.


Immunobiology. 2017 Mar;222(3):494-498. doi: 10.1016/j.imbio.2016.10.016. Epub 2016 Oct 18. Alterations of TRIM21-mRNA expression during monocyte maturation. Lenart M1, Rutkowska-Zapała M1, Szatanek R1, Węglarczyk K1, Stec M1, Bukowska-Strakova K1, Gruca A1, Czyż J2, Siedlar M3. Author information Abstract Tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21) play a dual role in the cytoplasm of the cells where it facilitates destruction of some antibody-coated viruses and some bacteria, and initiates synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines. Macrophages and CD16+ monocyte subset can particularly participate in a proinflammatory response caused by viral infection, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the level of TRIM21-mRNA expression in monocyte subsets including: classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+) and non-classical (CD14+CD16++) monocytes, as well as during in vitro differentiation of the isolated monocytes towards dendritic cells or macrophages. Our results revealed that the level of TRIM21 mRNA expression was significantly lower in CD16- monocytes, when compared to CD16+ cells and the whole monocyte population, yet no significant differences were observed when CD16+ population was divided into intermediate and non-classical subsets. More pronounced differences were observed in the case of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and dendritic cells (DCs). TRIM21-mRNA expression level was app. 6-fold higher in DCs, and app. 16-fold higher in MDM (p<0,01), when compared to freshly isolated monocytes. Our results may suggest the new mechanism of increased proinflammatory cytokine production by CD16+ (intermediate and non-classical) monocytes and macrophages, at least in patients with acute or chronic infections, caused by enveloped viruses. We suggest that TRIM21 may be one of the factors associated with the "switching on" the proinflammatory programme in CD16+ monocytes or monocyte-derived macrophages

Authors: Lenart M, Rutkowska-Zapała M, Szatanek R, Węglarczyk K, Stec M, Bukowska-Strakova K, Gruca A, Czyż J, Siedlar M
Journal: Immunobiology. 2017 Mar;222(3):494-498
Year: 2017
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