Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Human monocytes respond to extracellular cAMP through A2A and A2B adenosine receptors


In this study, we test the hypothesis that cAMP, acting as an extracellular mediator, affects the physiology and function of human myeloid cells. The cAMP is a second messenger recognized as a universal regulator of several cellular functions in different organisms. Many studies have shown that extracellular cAMP exerts regulatory functions, acting as first mediator in multiple tissues. However, the impact of extracellular cAMP on cells of the immune system has not been fully investigated. We found that human monocytes exposed to extracellular cAMP exhibit higher expression of CD14 and lower amount of MHC class I and class II molecules. When cAMP-treated monocytes are exposed to proinflammatory stimuli, they exhibit an increased production of IL-6 and IL-10 and a lower amount of TNF-α and IL-12 compared with control cells, resembling the features of the alternative-activated macrophages or M2 macrophages. In addition, we show that extracellular cAMP affects monocyte differentiation into DCs, promoting the induction of cells displaying an activated, macrophage-like phenotype with reduced capacity of polarized, naive CD4(+) T cells into IFN-γ-producing lymphocytes compared with control cells. The effects of extracellular cAMP on monocytes are mediated by CD73 ecto-5-nucleotidase and A2A and A2B adenosine receptors, as selective antagonists could reverse its effects. Of note, the expression of CD73 molecules has been found on the membrane of a small population of CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes. These findings suggest that an extracellular cAMP-adenosine pathway is active in cells of the immune systems.

Authors: Sciaraffia E, Riccomi A, Lindstedt R, Gesa V, Cirelli E, Patrizio M, De Magistris MT, Vendetti S.
Journal: J Leukoc Biol.;96:113-22
Year: 2014
PubMed: Find in PubMed