Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


9-cis retinoic acid inhibits inflammatory responses of adherent monocytes and increases their ability to induce classical monocyte migration


Patients with vitamin A/retinol deficiency are shown to be prone to infections and to suffer from increased inflammation, effects which can be remedied by vitamin A supplements. We aimed to study how human monocytes from the peripheral venous blood of healthy donors acted within the initial hours after adherence and exposure to bacterial endotoxin in the presence or absence of the 9-cis-isomer of retinoic acid (9cisRA). We found that adherent human monocytes were dominated by the CD14dimCD16+ subtype. Pretreatment with 9cisRA for 1 h significantly decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mRNA expression and protein release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, interleukin (IL)-6 and chemokine ligands (CCL)3 and CCL4. In contrast, treatment with 9cisRA rapidly enhanced the production of monocyte chemoattractive protein/CCL2. 9cisRA treatment also led to enhanced migration of classical CD14high monocytes in a transwell in vitro system. We conclude that 9cisRA treatment of human adherent monocytes attenuates the inflammatory responses to LPS and induces the attraction of classical monocytes, a feature which may help explain why supplements administered to vitamin A-deficient patients counteract inflammation and increases the ability to fight infections.

Authors: Kolseth IB, Agren J, Sundvold-Gjerstad V, Lyngstadaas SP, Wang JE, Dahle MK
Journal: J Innate Immun. ;4(2):176-86
Year: 2012
PubMed: Find in PubMed