Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Syncytin-1/HERV-W envelope is an early activation marker of leukocytes and is upregulated in multiple sclerosis patients

Abstract

Syncytin-1 is the envelope protein of the human endogenous retrovirus W (HERV-W). It has been related to multiple sclerosis (MS) but its role in cellular immunity and its pathogenic mechanism in the autoimmune context are not fully understood. We analyzed syncytin-1 levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) subsets from healthy donors, MS patients in relapse or remission, and patients with acute infections by flow cytometry. PBMC cultures were also prepared to analyze protein expression kinetics. MS patients had higher levels of syncytin-1 levels than controls. We found that syncytin-1 is elevated in monocytes during MS relapses and infections. Cells expressing syncytin-1, including monocytes, T and B lymphocytes, and NKs presented mainly an activated phenotype and, upon stimulation with LPS, its levels increased rapidly on antigen-presenting cells. Syncytin-1 ligation promoted the activation of monocytes, as demonstrated by the upregulation of CD80 and the nonclassical subset CD14low CD16+ . Our results suggest an important role for syncytin-1 in the activation of leukocytes. Given that the expression of syncytin-1 is upregulated in MS patients, this protein might be contributing to the autoimmune cascade in the disease.

Authors: Garcia-Montojo M, Rodriguez-Martin E, Ramos-Mozo P, Ortega-Madueño I, Dominguez-Mozo MI, Arias-Leal A, García-Martínez MÁ, Casanova I, Galan V, Arroyo R, Álvarez-Lafuente R, Villar LM.
Journal: Eur J Immunol. 2020 May;50(5):685-694
Year: 2020
PubMed: Find in PubMed