Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Multiparameter flow cytometry analysis of leukocyte markers for diagnosis in preterm neonatal sepsis

Abstract

Purpose: Neonatal sepsis is an important public health concern worldwide due to its immediate lethality and long-term morbidity rates, Clinical evaluation and laboratory analyses are indispensable for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. However, assessing multiple biomarkers in neonates is difficult due to limited blood availability. The aim is to investigate if the neonatal sepsis in preterm could be identified by multiparameter analysis with flow cytometry. Materials and Methods: The expression of activation-related molecules was evaluated by flow cytometry in newborn with or without risk factors for sepsis. Results: Our analysis revealed that several markers could be useful for sepsis diagnosis, such as CD45RA, CD45RO, or CD71 on T cells; HLA-DR on NKT or classic monocytes, and TREM-1 on non-classic monocytes or neutrophils. However, ROC analysis shows that the expression of CD45RO on T lymphocytes is the only useful biomarker for diagnosis of neonatal late-onset sepsis. Also, decision tree analyses showed that CD45RO plus CD27 could help differentiate the preterm septic neonates from those with risk factors. Conclusions: Our study shows a complementary and practical strategy for biomarker assessment in neonatal sepsis.

Authors: Vázquez Rodríguez S, Arriaga Pizano LA, Laresgoiti Servitje E, Mancilla Ramirez J, Peralta Méndez OL, Villalobos Alcazar G, Granados Cepeda ML, Hernandez Pelaez MG, Cordero Gonzalez G, Arizmendi Villanueva R, Cruz Ramírez JL, Isibasi A, Lopez Macias C
Journal: J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Sep 19:1-11.
Year: 2019
PubMed: Find in PubMed