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Altered monocytic phenotypes are linked with systemic inflammation and may be linked to mortality in dialysis patients.

Abstract

The major causes for increased morbidity and mortality among chronic kidney disease patients are cardiovascular diseases and infection. A causal link between an activated immune system and aggravated atherosclerosis has been postulated that skews the system towards inflammatory responses. Previously, we demonstrated a positive association of pro-inflammatory cytokines with monocytic Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) expression and vessel wall infiltration in hemodialysis patients. Here, we question whether the responsiveness and cytokine repertoire of monocytes is altered by pre-activation and how this correlates with survival. EDTA whole blood from hemodialysis patients (n = 45) and healthy controls (n = 34) was collected and leukocytes challenged with LPS. The distribution of monocyte subsets, YB-1acetyl content, and serum cytokine levels were determined. Compared to controls, dialysis patients have fewer classical (Mo1) and more intermediate (Mo2) and non-classical (Mo3) monocytes. In response to LPS, the Mo2 subset significantly increases (p < 0.001) in control subjects, but not in hemodialysis patients; increased CD86 expression indicates a positive response to LPS. Based on the changes within Mo2, subjects could be classified as responders or non-responders: 60% non-responders were seen in the dialysis cohort versus only 35% among healthy controls. YB-1 acetylation is higher in dialysis patients, independent of LPS stimulation. In this small cohort with 72 months follow-up period intracellular YB-1acetyl levels, IL-6, uPAR, and IP10 correlated with excess mortality in the dialysis cohort. Changes in YB-1 acetylation and serum cytokines may, at a given time point, possibly predict the long-term outcome and thus provide a legacy effect in hemodialysis patients.

Authors: Brandt S, Ewert L, Scurt FG, Reichardt C, Lindquist JA, Gorny X, Isermann B, Mertens PR.
Journal: Sci Rep. 2019 Dec 13;9(1):19103.
Year: 2019
PubMed: Find in PubMed