Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Could there be Haemodynamic Stress Effects on Pro-Inflammatory CD14+CD16+ Monocytes during Convective-Diffusive Treatments? A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The main aim is to compare the pro-inflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocytes blood levels in patient in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing Mixed online Haemodiafiltration (Mixed OL-HDF) vs. post-dilution OL-HDF and online high-efficiency haemodialysis. METHODS: The study is a prospective double-blind randomized controlled cross-over trial. Dialysis monitor, membrane, duration and dialytic adequacy, volume ultrapure dialysate/infusion were the same in all treatments. Monocyte CD14+CD16+, CD14-CD16+, IL-2R, TNFα, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-6, IL-10, β2-microglobulin outcome were measured. RESULTS: Mixed OL-HDF showed a less expression on the activated monocytes CD14+CD16+, CD14-CD16+ (-15.5%). There was no difference between cytokines and high sensitivity C-reactive protein and in other haemato-chemical inflammatory parameters except a significative decrease of TNF-α during Mixed OL-HDF. CONCLUSION: We found that Mixed OL-HDF could inhibit the CD14+CD16+ peripheral blood lymphocytes related to a less hemorheology stress inside capillary dialysis filter but in this study there is not still ascertainable its superiority compared to post OL-HDF and post OL-HEH.

Authors: Bolasco P, Spiga P, Arras M, Murtas S, La Nasa G.
Journal: Blood Purif. 2019;47(4):385-394.
Year: 2019
PubMed: Find in PubMed