Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Differential expression of genes and receptors in monocytes from patients with cystic fibrosis.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: We previously reported defective alternative polarization (M2) of macrophages and early expression of classically polarized (M1) macrophage markers in unpolarized monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The present study assessed whether the mechanism(s) underlying defective macrophage polarization resided in circulating monocytes. METHODS: Monocyte subsets (classical, intermediate and non-classical), markers for monocyte activation (CD163) and recruitment (CD195), receptors/genes associated with macrophage differentiation and polarization were analyzed in CF and compared with healthy individuals. RESULTS: No differences were observed in the monocyte subsets or in the expression of CD163 or CD195. Expression of the M-CSF receptor, TLR4, γC, IL-4Rα, IL-13Rα1, TIMP-1 and Cox-2 were higher in CF monocytes, albeit at low levels, whereas, LRP1, MMP9, MMP28 were downregulated compared to mooncytes from healthy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that differences in CF monocytes may contribute to the reported CFTR-dependent defect in macrophage differentiation, polarization and function.

Authors: Tarique AA, Sly PD, Cardenas DG, Luo L, Stow JL, Bell SC, Wainwright CE, Fantino E.
Journal: J Cyst Fibros. 2019 May;18(3):342-348
Year: 2019
PubMed: Find in PubMed