Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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The relationships among monocyte subsets, miRNAs and inflammatory cytokines in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) causes irreversible myocardial damage and release of inflammatory mediators, including cytokines, chemokines and miRNAs. We aimed to investigate changes in the levels of cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10), miRNAs profiles (miR-146 and miR-155) and distribution of different monocyte subsets (CD14++CD16-, CD14++CD16+, CD14+CD16++) in the acute and post-healing phases of AMI. METHODS: In eighteen consecutive AMI patients (mean age 56.78 ± 12.4 years, mean left ventricle ejection fraction - LVEF: 41.9 ± 9.8%), treated invasively, monocyte subsets frequencies were evaluated (flow cytometry), cytokine concentrations were analyzed (ELISA) as well as plasma miRNAs were isolated twice - on admission and after 19.2 ± 5.9 weeks of follow-up. Measurements were also performed among healthy volunteers. RESULTS: AMI patients presented significantly decreased frequencies of classical cells in comparison to healthy controls (median 71.22% [IQR: 64.4-79.04] vs. 84.35% [IQR: 81.2-86.7], p = 0.001) and higher percent of both intermediate and non-classical cells, yet without statistical significance (median 6.54% [IQR: 5.14-16.64] vs. 5.87% [IQR: 4.48-8.6], p = 0.37 and median 5.99% [IQR: 3.39-11.5] vs. 5.26% [IQR: 3.62-6.2], p = 0.42, respectively). In AMI patients both, analyzed plasma miRNA concentrations were higher than in healthy subjects (miR-146: median 5.48 [IQR: 2.4-11.27] vs. 1.84 [IQR: 0.87-2.53], p = 0.003; miR-155: median 25.35 [IQR: 8.17-43.15] vs. 8.4 [IQR: 0.08-16.9], p = 0.027, respectively), and returned back to the values found in the control group in follow-up. miR-155/miR-146 ratio correlated with the frequencies of classical monocytes (r=0.6, p = 0.01) and miR-155 correlated positively with the concentration of inflammatory cytokines - IL-6 and TNF-α. CONCLUSIONS: These results may suggest cooperation of both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory signals in AMI in order to promote appropriate healing of the infarcted myocardium.

Authors: Kazimierczyk E, Eljaszewicz A, Zembko P, Tarasiuk E, Rusak M, Kulczynska-Przybik A, Lukaszewicz-Zajac M, Kaminski K, Mroczko B, Szmitkowski M, Dabrowska M, Sobkowicz B, Moniuszko M, Tycinska A.
Journal: Pharmacol Rep. 2019 Feb;71(1):73-81
Year: 2019
PubMed: Find in PubMed