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Lipid moieties on lipoproteins of commensal and non-commensal staphylococci induce differential immune responses.

Abstract

Lipoproteins (Lpp) of Gram-positive bacteria are major players in alerting our immune system. Here, we show that the TLR2 response induced by commensal species Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis is almost ten times lower than that induced by noncommensal Staphylococcus carnosus, and this is at least partially due to their different modifications of the Lpp lipid moieties. The N terminus of the lipid moiety is acylated with a long-chain fatty acid (C17) in S. aureus and S. epidermidis, while it is acylated with a short-chain fatty acid (C2) in S. carnosus. The long-chain N-acylated Lpp, recognized by TLR2-TLR1 receptors, silences innate and adaptive immune responses, while the short-chain N-acetylated Lpp, recognized by TLR2-TLR6 receptors, boosts it.

Authors: Nguyen MT, Uebele J, Kumari N, Nakayama H, Peter L, Ticha O, Woischnig AK, Schmaler M, Khanna N, Dohmae N, Lee BL, Bekeredjian-Ding I, Götz F.
Journal: Nat Commun. 2017 Dec 21;8(1):2246
Year: 2017
PubMed: Find in PubMed