Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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CD16+ monocytes give rise to CD103+RALDH2+TCF4+ dendritic cells with unique transcriptional and immunological features.

Abstract

Classical CD16- vs intermediate/nonclassical CD16+ monocytes differ in their homing potential and biological functions, but whether they differentiate into dendritic cells (DCs) with distinct contributions to immunity against bacterial/viral pathogens remains poorly investigated. Here, we employed a systems biology approach to identify clinically relevant differences between CD16+ and CD16- monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs). Although both CD16+ and CD16- MDDCs acquire classical immature/mature DC markers in vitro, genome-wide transcriptional profiling revealed unique molecular signatures for CD16+ MDDCs, including adhesion molecules (ITGAE/CD103), transcription factors (TCF7L2/TCF4), and enzymes (ALDH1A2/RALDH2), whereas CD16- MDDCs exhibit a CDH1/E-cadherin+ phenotype. Of note, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) upregulated distinct transcripts in CD16+ (eg, CCL8, SIGLEC1, MIR4439, SCIN, interleukin [IL]-7R, PLTP, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]) and CD16- MDDCs (eg, MMP10, MMP1, TGM2, IL-1A, TNFRSF11A, lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1, MMP8). Also, unique sets of HIV-modulated genes were identified in the 2 subsets. Further gene set enrichment analysis identified canonical pathways that pointed to "inflammation" as the major feature of CD16+ MDDCs at immature stage and on LPS/HIV exposure. Finally, functional validations and meta-analysis comparing the transcriptome of monocyte and MDDC subsets revealed that CD16+ vs CD16- monocytes preserved their superior ability to produce TNF-α and CCL22, as well as other sets of transcripts (eg, TCF4), during differentiation into DC. These results provide evidence that monocyte subsets are transcriptionally imprinted/programmed with specific differentiation fates, with intermediate/nonclassical CD16+ monocytes being precursors for pro-inflammatory CD103+RALDH2+TCF4+ DCs that may play key roles in mucosal immunity homeostasis/pathogenesis. Thus, alterations in the CD16+ /CD16- monocyte ratios during pathological conditions may dramatically influence the quality of MDDC-mediated immunity.

Authors: Wacleche VS, Cattin A, Goulet JP, Gauchat D, Gosselin A, Cleret-Buhot A, Zhang Y, Tremblay CL, Routy JP, Ancuta P.
Journal: Blood Adv. 2018 Nov 13;2(21):2862-2878
Year: 2018
PubMed: Find in PubMed