Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Characterization of human peritoneal monocyte/macrophage subsets in homeostasis: Phenotype, GATA6, phagocytic/oxidative activities and cytokines expression.

Abstract

Peritoneal macrophages play a critical role in the control of infectious and inflammatory diseases. Although recent progress on murine peritoneal macrophages has revealed multiple aspects on their origin and mechanisms involved in their maintenance in this compartment, little is known on the characteristics of human peritoneal macrophages in homeostasis. Here, we have studied by flow cytometry several features of human peritoneal macrophages obtained from the peritoneal cavity of healthy women. Three peritoneal monocyte/macrophage subsets were established on the basis of CD14/CD16 expression (CD14++CD16-, CD14++CD16+ and CD14highCD16high), and analysis of CD11b, CD11c, CD40, CD62L, CD64, CD80, CD86, CD116, CD119, CD206, HLA-DR and Slan was carried out in each subpopulation. Intracellular expression of GATA6 and cytokines (pro-inflammatory IL-6 and TNF-α, anti-inflammatory IL-10) as well as their phagocytic/oxidative activities were also analyzed, in an attempt to identify genuine resident peritoneal macrophages. Results showed that human peritoneal macrophages are heterogeneous regarding their phenotype, cell complexity and functional abilities. A direct relationship of CD14/CD16 expression, intracellular content of GATA6, and activation/maturation markers like CD206 and HLA-DR, support that the CD14highCD16high subset represents the mature phenotype of steady-state human resident peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, increased expression of CD14/CD16 is also related to the phagocytic activity.

Authors: Ruiz-Alcaraz AJ, Carmona-Martínez V, Tristán-Manzano M, Machado-Linde F, Sánchez-Ferrer ML, García-Peñarrubia P, Martínez-Esparza M.
Journal: Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 24;8(1):12794
Year: 2018
PubMed: Find in PubMed